How a Rising Minimum Wage Affects Jobs in Seattle

The Berkeley investigate focused on a grill attention since of a high suit of grill workers who are paid a smallest wage. It found that for each 10 percent that a smallest salary rose, salary in a attention rose scarcely 1 percent, and that there was no distinct outcome on employment.


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By contrast, a second study, that a organisation of researchers during a University of Washington expelled on Monday, suggests that a smallest salary has had a distant some-more disastrous outcome on practice than even skeptics of minimum-wage increases typically find. (Neither investigate has been rigourously peer-reviewed.)

The University of Washington authors hold one poignant advantage over other economists investigate a issue: minute information on hours and gain for workers influenced by a increase.

This information authorised a researchers to magnitude a effects of a smallest salary on workers in all industries rather than relying on restaurants as a stand-in, a common technique. It also authorised them to magnitude a change in hours worked, a potentially some-more finish denote of a outcome of a minimum-wage boost than a worker conduct count that many studies use.

The University of Washington researchers found that a minimum-wage boost resulted in aloft wages, yet also a poignant rebate in a operative hours of low-wage earners. This was generally loyal of a some-more new minimum-wage increase, from as high as $11 an hour to adult to $13 an hour in 2016. In that case, salary rose about 3 percent, yet a series of hours worked by those in low-wage jobs forsaken about 9 percent — a vast volume that led to a net detriment of gain on average.

But experts on a smallest salary questioned a methods of a University of Washington researchers.

Most seriously, skeptics disagree that a researchers confused a effects of a minimum-wage boost with a effects of a prohibited labor market. During a boom, that Seattle has gifted in new years, employers bid adult wages, effectively replacing low-wage jobs with higher-paying ones.

Under such a scenario, one would design to see a decrease in a altogether series of hours worked in low-wage jobs. In their place would be a poignant boost in hours worked during rather higher-paying jobs.

“The pivotal plea this investigate faces is how to apart a normal change that’s function in a sepulchral labor marketplace — where low-wage jobs disappear and are transposed by higher-wage jobs — from an tangible boost in a smallest wage,” pronounced Ben Zipperer, an economist during a magnanimous Economic Policy Institute. “This investigate exhibits signs that it’s not means to do it.”

The many arguable approach to heed between a dual scenarios, both of that are unchanging with a information in a University of Washington study, is to review Seattle with a identical city that did not lift a smallest wage. If a comparison city, famous as a control, did not knowledge a detriment in hours worked identical to Seattle’s, this would advise that a minimum-wage boost was to censure for a rebate of hours in Seattle.


Angela Stowell, an owners and a arch executive of Ethan Stowell Restaurants, pronounced a sequence had not reduced hiring, yet it had lifted some menu prices and combined a use fee.

David Ryder for The New York Times

If a comparison city did knowledge a detriment in hours identical to Seattle’s, afterwards a sepulchral labor marketplace could be a law-breaker in both places.


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The University of Washington investigate radically assembled such a control by splicing together other areas of Washington State, an methodical apparatus famous as a fake control. In doing so, a researchers found that a decrease in hours in Seattle was unique. The control did not vaunt a identical settlement of reduce hours.

But Mr. Zipperer was doubtful that a control is valid. He argued that there is, in effect, usually one Seattle in a state of Washington — usually one vast city with a sepulchral labor market. As a result, a control might not be most of a control during all: It does not illustrate what would occur absent a minimum-wage boost in a sepulchral city like Seattle. It illustrates what would occur absent a minimum-wage boost in a city that is not booming.

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This, in turn, invites a strange question: Is Seattle’s bang pushing a detriment of low-paying work, or is a minimum-wage boost to blame?

Micah Simler, whose window-washing business in Seattle has 3 employees and 15 contractors, pronounced he had already been profitable most some-more than $15 an hour since of a internal economy, not a salary law.

“Seattle is in a bang time right now, and I’m competing with construction companies” and many other businesses for employees, he said.

The $15-an-hour smallest salary went into outcome for vast businesses that do not yield health word on Jan. 1 of this year, and it will gradually go into outcome for other businesses in destiny years.

Others in a business village trust a smallest salary increases might be carrying a disastrous outcome on employment. “We consider a U.W. investigate needs to be taken severely by a city since a information echoes a anecdotes we’ve been hearing,” pronounced Jillian Henze, a mouthpiece for a Seattle Restaurant Alliance.

Mark C. Long, one of a authors of a University of Washington study, pronounced he felt pretty assured in his team’s formula since a largest detriment of hours occurred in 2016, only after a minimum-wage boost to $13 an hour went into effect.


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“You see a biggest disproportion in a outcome when a smallest salary increasing from $11 to $13,” he said. “The timing suggests it’s a smallest wage” as against to a sepulchral economy.

Still, there is some justification that Seattle’s labor marketplace shifted into overdrive around a time of a incomparable minimum-wage increase. And even Mr. Long conceded that a choice reason was possible.

The investigate hinges “on a peculiarity of a control group,” he said. “If a areas we’re picking to put weight on don’t compare what would have happened to Seattle in a deficiency of a smallest wage, a formula would be potentially biased.”

Angela Stowell, an owners and a arch executive of Ethan Stowell Restaurants, that has about 300 employees in 14 restaurants around a city, pronounced it was too early to decider a outcome of a minimum-wage law since it was still being phased in. But she pronounced a sequence had not reduced employing since of a aloft worker costs, yet it has increasing some menu prices and instituted a 20 percent use fee.

“Of a 20 restaurateurs we am tighten friends with in Seattle,” she said, “none have told me they are employing fewer staff due to a increasing smallest wage.”

Julie Weed contributed reporting.

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Amazon Echo Show vs. Apple iPad: that is a improved kitchen computer?

Amazon’s new Echo Show is shipping this week, giving nonetheless another height for Alexa to exist on. The Echo Show is a lot like before Echo inclination in that we can control it wholly with your voice and it can hear we from opposite a room. But a Show is a initial Amazon Alexa device with a screen, giving it a series of new capabilities. You can read a full review for some-more on what’s good and not so good about it.

Many people have found a strange Echo to be unequivocally useful in a kitchen, as it can simply be used to set timers, perform section conversions, and supplement things to a selling list. The Echo Show is even better: it can do all of those things, though now we can see your timers or selling list on a screen. You can also use it to lift adult a recipe, watch a video on YouTube or Amazon Prime Video, listen to music, or make a video call to another Echo Show or a mobile device.

Apple’s iPad has also found a approach into many kitchens. It’s useful for usually about all a aforementioned things, and creation video calls, behaving calculations, and many other things we competence wish to do while in a kitchen. It’s also a bone-fide inscription that can be used in many other places, though for this article, I’m going to concentration on how it works in a kitchen.

So, that is a improved device for your kitchen? Let’s mangle it down.

Starting with a price, a Amazon Echo Show sells for $229.99. It’s a many costly Echo device yet, though it’s still reduction costly than a cheapest iPad, that sells for $329. The iPad gives we a incomparable shade — 9.7 inches vs. 7 inches — though it doesn’t mountain on a possess and requires a box or some arrange of mountain to column it up. The Echo Show, on a other hand, is prepared to be plopped on your opposite right out of a box.

iPad 2017

Photo by Vjeran Pavic / The Verge

Further, while a Echo Show’s two, 2-inch speakers have no difficulty stuffing my kitchen with song or audio, an iPad needs a Bluetooth orator or some other orator plugged into a audio jack to unequivocally be listened good from a few feet away. That’s another cost you’ll have to cruise with a iPad that we don’t have with a Echo Show.

Both inclination can play video, though a iPad has distant some-more in terms of options. In further to a Prime Video and YouTube options that a Show has, a iPad can tide video from Netflix, Hulu, Sling TV, iTunes, Google Play Movies, DirecTV Now, HBO Go / HBO Now, and large other services. If we essentially wish a device to play TV or video in a credentials while we prepare or do dishes, a iPad has a transparent advantage. You’ll still expected wish some arrange of outmost speaker, however, generally if we wish to hear discourse over a sound of a regulating faucet.

The Echo Show fares a bit improved with song services, as it can play Amazon Music, Spotify, Pandora, TuneIn, iHeartRadio, and Sirius XM, as good as audio books from Audible. An iPad can, of course, play song from any one of those, as good as from services such as Apple Music, Google Play Music, YouTube Music, and many others. But hands-free mode usually works with Apple Music (via Siri), so it’s easier to control a Echo Show with your voice. And again, a Show’s built-in speakers give it a clever advantage over a iPad when it comes to listening to song in a bustling kitchen.

For recipes, a Echo Show now supports AllRecipes, that we can use to call adult recipes wholly with your voice. You can hear instructions on how to make a recipe, watch a video of it, or hunt for other options within AllRecipes. The iPad has many some-more recipe apps accessible to it, including a choice to usually open Safari and demeanour adult recipes on a internet. It also has a incomparable screen, that competence be easier to see during a distance.

Photo by Amelia Holowaty Krales / The Verge

But when it comes to looking adult recipes, a Echo Show’s hands-free controls unequivocally gleam here. While a iPad has many some-more recipes during a disposal, all of them need we to use your fingers to open an app, hunt for a recipe, and afterwards navigate it while cooking. That’s not easy to do if your arms are bend low in a turkey or your hands are lonesome with gummy dough. The Echo Show can be tranquil wholly by voice, so we can usually ask it for a recipe and afterwards have it review behind to you. You can use Siri to perform simple section conversions and supplement equipment to a common Reminders list for a selling list, though that’s about it. The Echo Show’s 8 distant margin microphones are also many improved during picking adult a voice from opposite a room than a iPad, that anyone that has attempted to use “Hey Siri” in vain can demonstrate to.

If you’re looking for a mechanism to live in your kitchen and you’re debating between regulating an iPad or a new Echo Show, it unequivocally comes down to what we devise to use it a many for. Are we going to wish to use it for examination video from any use we can consider of? Do we have a outrageous library of favorite recipes in Epicurious or Paprika that we wish to access? The iPad competence be a improved choice for you, during until a Echo Show gains support for some-more services.

But if we wish a device that can simply set timers, perform section conversions, play music, and lift adult a occasional recipe or two, all while never wanting to be overwhelmed with your hands, a Echo Show competence be a improved pick. Just don’t design it to ever leave a kitchen, as it’s not a inscription and not designed to be ultra portable.

Japanese airbag builder Takata files for bankruptcy, gets US sponsor

TOKYO Japan’s Takata Corp (7312.T), a organisation during a centre of a automobile industry’s biggest ever product recall, filed for failure insurance in a United States and Japan, and pronounced it would be bought for $1.6 billion by U.S.-based Key Safety Systems.

In a biggest failure of a Japanese manufacturer, Takata faces tens of billions of dollars in costs and liabilities ensuing from roughly a decade of recalls and lawsuits.

Its airbags have been related to during slightest 17 deaths around a world.

TK Holdings, a U.S. operations, filed Chapter 11 failure in Delaware on Sunday with liabilities of $10 billion to $50 billion, while a Japanese primogenitor filed for insurance with a Tokyo District Court early on Monday.

Takata’s sum liabilities mount during 1.7 trillion yen ($15 billion), Tokyo Shoko Research Ltd estimated.

Final liabilities would count on a outcome of discussions with carmaker business who have borne a bulk of a deputy costs, a counsel for a association said.

The filings open a doorway to a financial rescue by Key Safety Systems (KSS), a Michigan-based tools retailer owned by China’s Ningbo Joyson Electronic Corp (600699.SS).

In a understanding that took 16 months to produce out, KSS concluded to take over Takata’s viable operations, while a remaining operations will be reorganised to continue churning out millions of deputy airbag inflators, a dual firms said.

The U.S. association would keep “substantially all” of Takata’s 60,000 employees in 23 countries and say a factories in Japan. The agreement is meant to concede Takata to continue handling though interruptions and with minimal disruptions to a supply chain.

“We trust holding these actions in Japan and a U.S. is a best approach to residence a ongoing costs and liabilities of the

airbag inflator issues with certainty and in an organized manner,” Takata CEO Shigehisa Takada pronounced in a statement.

Takada pronounced he and tip government would renounce “when a timing of a restructuring is set.”

His family – that still has control of a 84-year-old association – expected would stop to be shareholders.

Jason Luo, boss and CEO of KSS, pronounced in a matter a “underlying strength” of Takata’s business had not diminished

despite a airbag recall, citing a learned worker base, geographic strech and other reserve products such as chair belts.

The companies design to sign decisive agreements for a sale in entrance weeks and finish a twin failure processes in a initial entertain of 2018.

The filings have, however, not resolved all issues.

Honda Motor Co (7267.T), Takata’s biggest customer, pronounced it had reached no final agreement with Takata on responsibilities for a recall.

Honda pronounced it would continue talks with a retailer though expected problems in recuperating a bulk of a claims.


Takata faces billions in lawsuits and recall-related costs to a clients, including Honda, BMW (BMWG.DE), Toyota Motor Corp (7203.T) and others that have been profitable remember costs to date.

It also faces intensity liabilities stemming from category movement lawsuits in a United States, Canada and other countries.

Global ride authorities have systematic about 100 million inflators to be recalled.

Industry sources have pronounced that remember costs could stand to about $10 billion.

The ammonium nitrate devalue used in a airbags was found to turn flighty with age and enlarged bearing to heat,causing a inclination to explode.

Costs so distant have pushed a association into a red for 3 years, and it has been forced to sell subsidiaries topay fines and other liabilities.

Founded as a textiles association in 1933, Takata beganproducing airbags in 1987 and during a rise became a world’s No.2 writer of a reserve products.

It also produces one-third ofall seatbelts used in vehicles sole globally, along withother components.

The Tokyo Stock Exchange pronounced a shares would be delisted on Jul 27. The batch has collapsed 95 percent given Jan 2014 as a recalls mounted.

(Reporting by Naomi Tajitsu; Additional stating by David Shepardson on Washington D.C., Tom Hals in Wilmington, Delaware and Maki Shiraki in Tokyo; Editing by William Mallard, Stephen Coates and Edwina Gibbs)

June 2017 Security Patch Hitting Galaxy Note 4 On AT&T

ATT started rolling out a Jun Android Security Update to all Samsung Galaxy Note 4 units on a network, as suggested by a wireless carrier’s central support pages for a device. The second largest mobile use provider in a nation began distributing a program package progressing this week, with a association distributing it as an over-the-air (OTA) refurbish that’s being rolled out in stages and will approaching take a week or so to be accessible via a United States. The Dallas, Texas-based telecom hulk suggested that a new program is shipping with a firmware version N910AUCS2EQF1 and is packaged with all of a latest fixes for several vulnerabilities of a Android handling system, with a refurbish itself being approaching to make a device some-more secure overall.

Galaxy Note 4 units on ATT’s network started receiving a new program refurbish usually several days after a South Korean strange apparatus manufacturer (OEM) began pulling out a same package to unbarred variants of a device in a United States. ATT is a initial mobile use provider in a nation to optimize a latest set of confidence rags for a Galaxy Note 4 and all other wireless carriers in a nation are suspicion to follow fit in a entrance days. Apart from a series of vulnerability fixes, a program isn’t approaching to change a altogether user knowledge of a Galaxy Note 4, with a device itself still using Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow following a designation of a latest package. Having been expelled in 2014, a Galaxy Note 4 isn’t partial of Samsung’s categorical Android refurbish cycle anymore and shouldn’t ever be strictly updated to Android 7.0 Nougat or after versions of a entire handling system.

ATT’s subscribers who are nonetheless to accept a new confidence refurbish on their Galaxy Note 4 units can try acid for a patch manually by rising a complement Settings app, navigating to a “About phone” section, and drumming a “Download program updates” choice on a following screen. Samsung is approaching to correct a Galaxy Note lineup in a entrance months, with many attention watchers presaging that a association is shortly set to launch a Galaxy Note 8. More sum on a tech giant’s product efforts are hence pronounced to follow shortly.

Trump only finished a prolonged tradition of celebrating Ramadan during a White House

All around a Muslim universe everybody is removing prepared for Eid al-Fitr, a good festival that ends a holy month of Ramadan.

Media: Euronews News

In a early days of Dec 1805, a handful of distinguished politicians perceived grave invitations to join President Thomas Jefferson for a White House dinner.

Such entreaties were not uncommon: Jefferson frequently hosted lawmakers for domestic operative dinners during a White House, roughly always commencing them about 3:30 in a afternoon, shortly after a House or Senate had shelved for a day.

But this gathering, scheduled for Dec. 9, would be somewhat different.

“dinner will be on a list precisely during sun-set – ” a invitations read. “The foster of an answer is asked.”

The arise was a participation of a Tunisian attach� to a United States, Sidi Soliman Mellimelli, who had arrived in a republic usually a week before, in a midst of America’s ongoing dispute with what were afterwards famous as a Barbary States.

And a reason for a dinner’s later-than-usual start was Mellimelli’s tact of Ramadan, a holy month for Muslims in that observers quick between emergence and dusk. Only after nightfall do Muslims mangle their quick with a meal, referred to as an iftar.

  • President Donald Trump speaks during a rally, Wednesday, Jun 21, 2017, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Photo: Charlie Neibergall, Associated Press



Pilgrims round a Kaaba, a cubic building during a Grand Mosque, during a teenager pilgrimage, famous as Umrah, during Laylat al-Qadr, Night of Decree, on a 27th day of a holy fasting month of Ramadan, in a Muslim holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, early Thursday, Jun 22, 2017. Laylat al-Qadr, is a night Muslims commemorate a explanation of a initial verses of a Quran to their Prophet Muhammad by a angel Gabriel. less

Photo: Amr Nabil, AP

A Muslim worshipper prays during Laylat al-Qadr, Night of Decree, on a 27th day of a holy fasting month of Ramadan as pilgrims circumambulate around a Kaaba, a cubic building during a Grand Mosque, during a teenager pilgrimage, famous as Umrah, in a Muslim holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, early Thursday, Jun 22, 2017. Laylat al-Qadr, is a night Muslims commemorate a explanation of a initial verses of a Quran to their Prophet Muhammad by a angel Gabriel. less

Photo: Amr Nabil, AP

Pilgrims round a Kaaba, a cubic building during a Grand Mosque, during a teenager pilgrimage, famous as Umrah, during Laylat al-Qadr, Night of Decree, on a 27th day of a holy fasting month of Ramadan, in a Muslim holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, early Thursday, Jun 22, 2017. Laylat al-Qadr, is a night Muslims commemorate a explanation of a initial verses of a Quran to their Prophet Muhammad by a angel Gabriel. less

Photo: Amr Nabil, AP

Jefferson’s preference to change a time of a dish to accommodate Mellimelli’s tact of Ramadan has been seized on by both sides in a 21st-century discuss over Islam some-more than 200 years later. Historians have cited a dish as a initial time an iftar took place in a White House – and it has been referenced in new White House celebrations of Ramadan as an essence of a Founding Father’s honour for eremite freedom. Meanwhile, critics on a distant right have taken emanate with a characterization of Jefferson’s Dec. 9, 1805, cooking as an iftar.

Whatever Jefferson could have foreseen for a immature country’s future, it appears a modern-day White House tradition of imprinting Ramadan with an iftar cooking or Eid jubilee has come to an end.

Ramadan, that falls on a ninth month of a Islamic lunar calendar, started on May 27 this year and ends during dusk Saturday. Muslims around a universe will symbol a finish of a holy month by celebrating a holiday Eid al-Fitr, a “feast of violation of a fast.”

For a initial time in scarcely dual decades, Ramadan has come and left yet a White House noticing it with an iftar or Eid celebration, as had taken place any year underneath a Clinton, Bush and Obama administrations. In new weeks, several former White House staff members told The Post they would customarily start formulation an iftar “months in advance” and didn’t expect a Trump White House could lift something off before a finish of Ramadan.

White House officials did not respond to steady requests for comment. Late Saturday afternoon, a White House expelled a brief matter from President Trump and a initial lady noticing a holiday.

“Muslims in a United States assimilated those around a universe during a holy month of Ramadan to concentration on acts of faith and charity,” a matter read. “Now, as they commemorate Eid with family and friends, they lift on a tradition of assisting neighbors and violation bread with people from all walks of life. During this holiday, we are reminded of a stress of mercy, compassion, and goodwill. With Muslims around a world, a United States renews a joining to honour these values. Eid Mubarak.”

In late May, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson reportedly pronounced a State Department would mangle with new tradition and not horde a Ramadan reception, as it had finished scarcely annually for dual decades. On Saturday morning, Tillerson also expelled a brief matter promulgation “best wishes to all Muslims celebrating Eid al-Fitr.”

“This holiday outlines a perfection of Ramadan, a month in that many knowledge clarification and impulse in acts of fasting, prayer, and charity,” Tillerson pronounced in a statement. “This day offers an eventuality to simulate on a common joining to building pacific and moneyed communities. Eid Mubarak.”

Tillerson’s and Trump’s brief remarks were in sheer contrariety to Obama, who expelled a extensive matter for a holiday final year, as good as to ceremonies hosted during a White House for a final 20 years.

If there were any questions about either Jefferson was wakeful of Mellimelli’s eremite practices, a memoirs of John Quincy Adams – after gathered and published by his son – put those to rest, according to a Papers of Thomas Jefferson during Princeton University.

“I dined during a President’s, in association with a Tunisian Ambassador and his dual secretaries,” Adams, during a time a senator from Massachusetts, wrote in his diary on Dec. 9, 1805. “By a invitation, cooking was to have been on a list precisely during nightfall – it being in a midst of Ramadan, during that a Turks quick while a object is above a horizon. Did not arrive until half an hour after sunset, and, immediately after nod a President and a company, due to retire and fume his pipe.”

In his diary, a destiny boss described Mellimelli with an atmosphere of fascination, observant all from how a attach� smelled (of rose-scented snuff) to how his coming differed from that of a other “Turks” (Mellimelli wore his brave long, while a dual secretaries who had accompanied him usually had whiskers).

Adams, a son of President John Adams, prisoner few sum about what was served for cooking itself, usually that Mellimelli “freely partook of a dishes on a list yet interrogation into a cookery” and that, shortly after eating, he left for a sketch room to fume his siren again.

“His manners are courteous, yet we were all incompetent to inverse with him, solely by a middle of an interpreter,” Adams wrote.

Compared with other, some-more entirely documented events that have taken place during a White House over a centuries, a sum from a cooking are scarce. But what Jefferson couldn’t have famous is that changing a time of a dish to accommodate Mellimelli’s tact of Ramadan would spin that cooking into a indicate of row in America’s enlightenment wars some-more than 200 years later.

It wasn’t until 1996 that a modern-day White House tradition of celebrating Ramadan with a accepting or dish started. That February, initial lady Hillary Clinton hosted about 150 people for a accepting for Eid al-Fitr, that outlines a finish of a holy month.

The chairman Clinton credited for training her about Islam? Teenage daughter Chelsea, who had a year before complicated Islamic story in school, according to reports that year cited by Muslim Voices.

Clinton described a accepting as a “historic and overdue occasion,” a fashion for Muslim eremite celebrations during a White House, a Associated Press reported then. (It’s misleading if she knew about a Jefferson dinner.)

“A larger bargain of a beliefs of Islam in a inhabitant alertness will assistance us build strength and resilience as a nation,” Clinton told guests, according to a Associated Press. “The values that distortion during a heart of Ramadan – faith, family, village and shortcoming to a reduction advantageous – ring with all a peoples of this earth.”

The tradition continued underneath President George W. Bush, who hosted an iftar cooking any year of his dual terms in bureau – including shortly after a 9/11 militant attacks, when annoy toward Muslim Americans was spiking. At a 2001 dinner, in mid-November, Bush emphasized that America was fighting opposite terrorism, not Islam, according to The Washington Post’s coverage then:

- – -

“All a universe continues to advantage from this faith and a achievements,” Bush said. “Ramadan and a arriving holiday deteriorate are a good time for people of opposite faiths to learn some-more about any other. And a some-more we learn, a some-more we find that many commitments are broadly shared.”

After a White House Rose Garden ceremony, Bush had pronounced his summary for a cooking would be, “We’re a republic of many faiths.” Asked if a view was symbolic, he immediately replied, “No – it’s real.”

- – -

More than 15 years later, Charlotte Beers, who served as undersecretary of state for open tact underneath Bush, can still remember how effective a iftar had been diplomatically, in being means to uncover that a United States reputable all religions.

“We all concluded that we had to strech out to assuage Muslims and acknowledge that they had as most regard as we did about a circumstances,” Beers told The Post in a new interview. “That cooking was intensely critical and listened around a world. . . . My personal opinion was, this speaks to that whole underpinning of what creates a United States parasite – leisure of religion. It was intensely timely, we felt.”

But it was underneath President Barack Obama that a annual White House iftar cooking began to means a bigger stir – in partial since a boss resurrected a story of Jefferson’s 1805 cooking with Mellimelli.

“Ramadan is a sign that Islam has always been a partial of America,” Obama pronounced in his remarks during a 2010 White House iftar. “The initial Muslim attach� to a United States, from Tunisia, was hosted by President Jefferson, who organised a nightfall cooking for his guest since it was Ramadan – creation it a initial famous iftar during a White House, some-more than 200 years ago.”

Obama mentioned this chronological cooking again in his 2012 White House iftar remarks; that year, organizers also had set adult a special arrangement of Jefferson’s duplicate of a Koran, on loan from a Library of Congress.

“And that’s a reminder, along with a generations of nationalistic Muslims in America, that Islam – like so many faiths – is partial of a inhabitant story,” Obama said.

Terence Szuplat, a speechwriter for Obama, told The Post he couldn’t pinpoint who had brought adult a Jefferson cooking first.

“I remember thinking, that would be a really engaging and fascinating and absolute story, yet we can’t have a boss contend it until we know that it’s 100 percent accurate,” Szuplat said. He does remember consulting with historians during Monticello; historian Gaye Wilson, who wrote a 2003 letter about Jefferson’s exchange with Mellimelli, also remembers operative with a White House to endorse sum about a dinner.

As Szuplat expected, far-right blogs seized on Obama’s comments, insisting that Jefferson had not hosted an iftar, yet rather had simply altered a time behind as a courtesy. “He didn’t change a menu, he didn’t change anything else,” one blog declared, before job Obama “disgusting” and accusing him of rewriting story to expel Islam in a auspicious light.

One of a biggest problems with those arguments, historians say, is that they omit Jefferson’s repute as someone who was a fixed defender of eremite freedom, whatever his opinions were of a sacrament in question.

Nearly 30 years before a 1805 dinner, Jefferson had drafted a Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, that he deliberate among his life’s excellent works. Jefferson described initial insurgency to a due bill, as good as a stress of a thoroughfare in 1786, in his autobiography:

- – -

The check for substantiating eremite freedom, a beliefs of that had, to a certain degree, been enacted before, we had drawn in all a embodiment of reason right. It still met with opposition; but, with some mutilations in a preamble, it was finally past; and a unaccompanied tender valid that it’s insurance of opinion was meant to be universal. Where a preliminary declares that duress is a depart from a devise of a holy author of a religion, an amendment was proposed, by inserting a word “Jesus Christ,” so that it should review “departure from a devise of Jesus Christ, a holy author of a religion” a insertion was deserted by a good majority, in explanation that they meant to comprehend, within a layer of it’s protection, a Jew and a Gentile, a Christian and Mahometan, a Hindoo, and heathen of any denomination.

- – -

That Jefferson would pull behind a time of a cooking by several hours is an denote for his honour for eremite freedom, even yet Jefferson was widely criticized in his time for his accommodation of a Tunisian envoy, pronounced Scott Harrop, a highbrow of Middle Eastern and South Asian languages and cultures during a University of Virginia.

Those who insist Jefferson didn’t horde an iftar – even if he dictated to, in a suggestion of eremite leisure – are also blank a really elementary clarification of what an iftar is, historians and former White House staff members say. Much as one doesn’t need a roasted turkey or eggnog to applaud Christmas, there does not need to be a certain menu in place to make an iftar dinner.

“All iftar is is people violation their fast. If they pennyless their quick in a White House, afterwards that was iftar,” pronounced Zaki Barzinji, a former comparison associate executive during a Obama White House who helped devise a administration’s final Ramadan celebration. “If I’m with a organisation of friends who are not Muslim, and we go and eat super late, and we mangle my quick while I’m with them, technically there was an iftar during that dinner.”

John Ragosta, a historian and author of “Religious Freedom: Jefferson’s Legacy, America’s Creed,” agreed, observant that people perplexing to explain Jefferson’s 1805 cooking was not an iftar were personification a “rather childish semantic game.”

“Here is an ambassador, an respected guest. The cooking is privately scheduled after dusk to accommodate him,” Ragosta said. “Yeah, it sounds to me like an iftar dinner. You’re violation a quick during Ramadan with someone who is a Muslim.”

Rumana Ahmed, who helped devise several White House iftar dinners and one Eid jubilee during a Obama administration, pronounced it was hapless a tradition could finish with Trump. For all of a events she helped coordinate, a concentration altered somewhat any year: from honoring Muslim American girl to noticing a mercantile contributions of a community, for example. But a overarching summary of any White House Ramadan eventuality was always one of inclusion and respect, Ahmed said.

“If we demeanour during when it started and how it’s evolved, in a approach it’s kind of been in response to conversations function on a inhabitant turn and in a society,” Ahmed said.

AirAsia X moody lands after ‘shaking like soaking machine’

Media captionWatch: Passenger films on house a flight

An AirAsia X moody firm for Kuala Lumpur was forced to spin behind to Australia after an engine problem left it “shaking like a soaking machine”.

The commander pronounced a preference to lapse to Perth 90 mins after withdrawal was done since of “technical issues” with a newcomer plane.

“I could tell by a cabin crew’s greeting that it was unequivocally bad,” newcomer Sophie Nicolas told ABC News.

The craft landed safely during 10:00 internal time (02:00 GMT) on Sunday.

“I was great a lot, a lot of people were crying, perplexing to call their mums and things though we couldn’t unequivocally do anything only wait and trust a captain,” Ms Nicolas told ABC, adding: “Everybody detonate into acclaim when we landed.”

Police pronounced sea puncture services north of Perth were put on standby to ready for a probable H2O landing, a news network reports.

A series of passengers on house a bill moody pronounced a craft had suffered an “engine seizure” causing it to shake.

AirAsia X did not give sum about a technical emanate behind a incident.

In a statement, it pronounced a reserve of passengers was “our pinnacle priority”.

Earlier this month an Airbus A330 belonging to China Eastern Airlines was forced to make an puncture alighting in Sydney after a huge hole appeared in one of a engine casings.

Several shocked passengers after described conference a really shrill sound shortly after withdrawal Sydney for Shanghai. Images were posted on amicable media display a border of a damage.

In Dec 2014, an AirAsia craft crashed into a Java Sea, murdering all 162 people on house after a aircraft’s rudder control complement malfunctioned during a flight.

The sport down of Uber’s Travis Kalanick

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This week, America witnessed a successful sport down and bagging of a vital company’s CEO. Too many of us seem to be only excellent with it. But we shouldn’t be.

That personality was Uber’s chief, Travis Kalanick, who announced on Tuesday that he was stepping down from a association he founded.

Let’s get something out of a approach to start: Kalanick is not a saint, and he did indeed move many of his personal problems on himself. He will also expected live out a rest of his life as a unequivocally rich man, so we needn’t cry (literally or figuratively) over his fate. And Uber positively is not a ideal association with a unadulterated arguable record.

Still, what happened to Kalanick, and by prolongation Uber, this week should worry each leisure and innovation-loving chairman in America and a whole world.

Don’t be fooled by all of Kalanick’s personal missteps and Uber’s arguable issues. They positively aren’t excusable, though they’re also not all that opposite from what dozens of other companies and CEOs face each day.

The genuine reason Kalanick was taken down and Uber stays in so many difficulty is given it has enemies. And those enemies have power.

Most of us are informed with who those enemies were and how they responded. Taxi companies opposite a universe have prolonged been one of a many politically tranquil and regulated industries ever given they were only horse-drawn clothing firms.

In lapse for undergoing mostly endless chartering mandate and fees, internal governments strengthen those cab companies. It’s a understanding done in associate entrepreneur Heaven—except that it mostly leaves people who indispensable rides, arguable service, and affordable fares in a commuter’s purgatory.

In many ways, a stable cab attention is radically a public-private partnership wherever we go. So when we come for a cabs, we come for a supervision too.

When Uber came on a scene, and skirted these chartering manners by strictly branding itself a “ride-sharing” business as against to a cab company, those companies and cab motorist unions protested and lobbied their supervision friends to shorten and even anathema Uber from their localities. That bid yielded churned results, though a consistent domestic and regulatory nuisance was and is a existence for a company.

And a news media played a large purpose in this nuisance too. At first, a media supposing Uber with billions of dollars in practical giveaway advertising, with unchanging reports explaining and publicizing a startup. Then, newspapers, TV networks, and websites eventually started to news frequently on each Uber misstep, rapist occurrence involving an Uber driver, and roughly any censure entrance from or on interest of a employees.

Uber and Kalanick soldiered on and, interjection to it apropos the many well-funded tech startup in history, it was means to quarrel behind with an assertive domestic and media plan that enclosed a well-documented P.R. and routine fight room.

Then, a targeted response to Uber changed. As each truly shrewd domestic spectator in America knows, aggressive a chairman is always a some-more effective approach of mercantile nuisance than targeting a association or an attention as a whole. In a tactic right out Saul Alinsky’s 13th order in his book “Rules for Radicals,” Uber opponents changed to “pick a target, solidify it, personalize it, and polarize it.”

So a many effective conflict on Uber finally gained steam when Kalanick himself became a target. That conflict strike hardest by a recover of a video he did not know was being taken that showed him arguing with an Uber driver, and entrance off as meant and elitist.

Considering a inlet of a video, some experts trust Kalanick was set adult by that motorist and goaded into an evidence that would make him demeanour bad on tape. Set adult or not, a video had a punishing outcome on Kalanick that finally began a routine of his personal undoing during a company. He became too many of a guilt for a association and a investors, and they finally suspended him. In a end, it took reduction than 6 months from a day a video went open for Kalanick to remove a tip pursuit of a association he founded and had run for 8 years.

Again, tears need not be strew for Kalanick and his personal conditions now. And while Uber might never turn something identical to a investors’ grandest illusory dreams, Internet-based float hailing record positively seems here to stay. However, everybody who wants to see creation in improvements in government-protected industries from health caring to infrastructure should during slightest be a bit worried.

After saying what happened to Kalanick, who could censure a subsequent dignitary in rarely supervision stable industries like mass transit, medical care, or appetite from shying divided from creation a large splash? Is it any consternation that so many of a biggest innovations in America over a past 20 years have come in a comparatively non-government stable areas like consumer electronics?

One could disagree that one such courageous dignitary is Elon Musk, who is indeed starting to pull a pouch in areas like mass movement and energy. But a pivotal word here is “starting.” Not even Musk’s super-popular automobile association Tesla has done a poignant hole in a confirmed automobile industry’s sales. His SolarCity business is an even smaller blip. And his efforts to indeed hovel underneath a rarely regulated streets of Los Angeles are confidant and exciting, though haven’t unequivocally started yet.

If and when any of those factors change, it’s a good gamble Musk might get something identical to Kalanick’s treatment.

That’s a genuine contrition here. Also rather ashamed is a approach too many of Kalanick’s peers in a tech universe are wordless about a army he faced, that eventually degraded him. Perhaps his former colleagues will only sensitively learn from his story and equivocate his mistakes.

However, a rest of us should during slightest be a small some-more wakeful of because this sold dignitary became such a hated target. And if that recognition grows, maybe those confirmed powers in business and supervision will find it harder to stop a subsequent disruptor who comes down a line.

Commentary by Jake Novak, comparison columnist. Follow him on Twitter @jakejakeny.

For some-more discernment from CNBC contributors, follow @CNBCopinion on Twitter.

Jake Novak

How To Fight Raid Battles In ‘Pokémon GO’

Credit: Niantic

Pokemon GO.

Raids have arrived in Pokémon GO, and they’re a exhale of uninformed air. The diversion has a genuine multiplayer duty for a initial time given launch, along with a event to conflict some gigantic Pokémon and obstacle singular rewards to boot. It’s an wholly new system, however, and so a manners are opposite than a normal gym battles. Read on for how to attend in raids in Pokémon GO. 

First, you’ve got to find a raid. If we live in an area with a lot of gyms, this shouldn’t be hard. Just daub on a “nearby” tracker in a reduce right and appropriate over to raids: you’ll see a list of all a ones function around you. The times listed in that window are when a raids will start, displayed in troops time. If we name a raid and go over to a gym where it’s happening, it will have a countdown timer by an egg to uncover we how prolonged we have until it starts. Things will be a small some-more formidable if we don’t have any gyms in your evident vicinity: in that case, you’ll have to go circuitously a gym and wish there’s a raid going down soon, though we suppose some Pokémon trackers will be adding raids soon. Walk or expostulate over to your raid.

Credit: Niantic

Pokemon GO.

So now you’re during a gym where a raid is going to happen. First, get a raid pass if we haven’t already. You get one giveaway pass each 24 hours by spinning a gym print disc, or we can buy additional in a store for coins. Go to a gym and daub on a egg in a reduce left: you’ll notice a array of faces next it that prove how formidable a raid is going to be. 4 is a maximum. 1 can be soloed by high-level players. Next, contend hi to anyone station nearby: these are your teammates.

When a raid goes live, a trainer Pokémon will uncover adult front and center. Hit conflict and spend your raid pass. You can possibly make a private organisation with only your friends or concede a diversion to matchmake we with circuitously players. Once you’re in, you’ll notice a array of 3 Pokémon icons in a top right that new players can use to join your group: we haven’t been to a raid with some-more than a limit array of 20 players, though presumably a diversion will make mixed groups in that case. After that, you’ll have a possibility to arrange a group of 6 Pokémon, so collect some that will be good counters to whatever trainer shows up. My initial raid was Machamp, and so we used some Psychic-type Exeggutors. You have 5 mins to take it down, and we remove if all associated Pokémon go down. If we aren’t successful, your group can shelter and try again.

Credit: Niantic

Pokemon GO.

After that, you’ll be in a battle. This works fundamentally like a normal gym battle, solely you’ll notice some other accessible Pokémon toll a large boss. Just conflict with both discerning and assign attacks and evasion if we feel like it. If you’ve got adequate people, a trainer will go down fast enough. When that happens, you’ll accept a certain array of rewards such as Technical Machines, Golden Razzberries and Special Candies. After that, a trainer will get downgraded to a regular, if customarily sincerely solid, Pokémon. You’ll afterwards get a possibility to use some special “premiere balls” to constraint it: try not to miss. On your second raid, some of those Golden Razzberries can make a outrageous disproportion here.

And that’s how you’ll be fighting some trainer monsters in Pokémon GO. Legendaries will be combined eventually, so check behind once that happens for how that whole thing goes down.

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Russia slashes spending on cancer drugs amid skyrocketing prices: Report

Russia has prolonged been deliberate a primary marketplace for Western biopharma companies in hunt of new sources of growth. And companies trimming from Pfizer to AstraZeneca have been clamoring to approve with President Vladimir Putin’s direct that they fan with internal producers and settle prolongation plants in Russia. But now Russia is pulling behind on an emanate that has lifted concerns around a world: cancer drug prices.

In 2016, spending on cancer treatments fell in about half of a 85 regions of Russia, according to statistics quoted by The Moscow Times. At slightest dual regions cut their annual spending on oncology drugs by scarcely 50%. Analysts blamed rising drug prices.

“In Russia, there is no ubiquitous customary of caring for cancer patients,” David Melik-Huseynov, executive of a country’s Institute of Healthcare and Medical Management, told a paper. “The same drugs are indispensable to provide cancer, regardless of where a studious lives. But all depends on informal budgets.”

This is expected to be unwelcome news to companies that have been perplexing to get on Putin’s good side. Several years ago, he affianced that 90% of “strategically important” drugs would be done in Russia by 2018. Pfizer, for one, responded by distinguished 3 deals to settle prolongation plants in Russia. The many new deal, struck final year with Russia’s NovaMedica, should outcome in some-more than 30 drugs being constructed there—including cancer treatments. In May, Pfizer confirmed a plant is on lane to open in 2020.

RELATED: Pfizer strikes second understanding this year for drug prolongation in Russia

Just how large an impact internal prolongation will have on drug prices in Russia is an open question, however. And Russia is distant from a usually nation giving pharma companies a tough time about a pricing issue.

Last month, antitrust regulators in a European Union non-stop an review into South Africa’s Aspen Pharmacare, for example, on allegations that it jacked adult prices on cancer drugs and threatened to lift them off a marketplace if payers didn’t comply. The association pronounced in a matter that it is operative with a European Commission to solve a issue.

And only final week, South Africa’s anti-competition watchdogs announced they’re rising a examine into Aspen, Pfizer and Roche focused on “excessive pricing” of cancer drugs. The Competition Commission of South Africa took to Twitter, blustering a companies for enchanting in “medical schemes” and “monopoly aided by patents.”

RELATED: Pfizer, Roche cancer drug pricing underneath review in South Africa

As for a conditions in Russia, there is a bit of good news amid a decrease in spending on cancer drugs. Three of a 85 regions surveyed—Sevastopol, a Republic of Buryatia and Voronezh—actually increasing their spending on oncology treatments by some-more than 200%.